Types of Cyberbullying
Internet and mobile phones have become an integral part of our lives. When the internet was out, there were restrictions on its usage that were imposed on children by the parents almost everywhere. At least they would use it under an adult’s supervision. Now that the use of the internet has become inevitable because of the school requirements and its necessity in the making of assignments and projects, parents really can’t help but make it accessible for their children.
People, especially parents, should be knowledgeable in cyberbullying so it won’t happen to their children.
However, cyberbullying doesn’t make happy only to children but to anyone.
So, without further ado, let’s discuss cyberbullying.
What is Cyberbullying?
Cyberbullying or cyberharassment (also known as online bullying) is the act of harassing someone using social media or other communication media that is run by the internet. Bullying involves making threats, insults, ridiculing, and blackmailing.
It has become increasingly common, especially among teenagers, as the digital sphere has expanded and technology has advanced. Cyberbullying is when someone, bullies or harasses others on the internet and in other digital spaces, particularly on social media sites.
Harmful bullying behavior can include posting and spreading rumors, threats, sexual remarks, victims’ personal information, or harsh labels/hate speech. Bullying or harassment can be identified by repeated behavior and an intent to harm.
Types of Cyberbullying
Dissing is when people share or post harsh information about an individual online to ruin their reputation or friendships with others.
This includes posting personal photos, videos, and screenshots. The person sharing this information tends to have a personal relationship (maybe a friend or acquaintance) to the victim.
Trolling is a form of cyberbullying done by insulting an individual online to provoke them enough to get a response. Usually, these attacks are personal and initiate annoyance in the victim, making them lash out and behave badly. These bullies tend to be more detached from their victims and do not have a personal relationship.
Flaming is a cyberbullying done by posting or directly sending insults and profanity to their target. Flaming is usually more direct attack to the victim to provoke them into online fights compared to Trolling.
This is a cyberbullying where the cyberbully creates a profile solely to cyberbully someone. This could be a fake email or social media account. The cyberbully creates a new identity and photos to fool the victim; it’s almost like catfishing. The bully tends to be someone acquainted to the victim, or even someone they know really well.
Fraping is a serious offence where a person gains access to the victim’s social media account and impersonates them in an attempt to be funny or to ruin their reputation. It could be by hacking. It can be harmless when friends write funny posts on each other’s profiles but has the potential to be incredibly harmful. Fraping can have serious consequences, especially because once a social post is out there, it may be hard to delete it and mend the victim’s digital reputation.
Outing is a deliberate act to embarrass or publicly humiliate an individual by posting their private, sensitive, or embarrassing information online.
Doxing is derived from the word “documents” and occurs when a cyberbully harasses and threatens a victim online for revenge and to destroy their victims’ privacy. It is the act of openly revealing sensitive or personal information about someone without their consent for purposes of embarrassing or humiliating them.
This can range from the spreading of personal photos or documents— such as Social Security numbers, credit cards, phone numbers, and other personal data — with the public.
8 – Encouraging self-harm
Some cyberbullies threaten to hurt their victims or convince them to hurt themselves. They usually target people with depression because they are easy prey. It can be the worst type of cyberbullying because it can lead its victims to take their lives by suicide.
9 – Sockpuppets or catfishing
A “sockpuppet” is a form of trickery that uses a fake account. The creator of the fake account gains their victim’s trust by pretending to be someone they’re not. When their victim divulges private information, the sock puppeteer shares that personal information with others who may bully the victim. Catfishing similarly involves setting up a fake online profile but luring its victim into a deceptive online romance.
10 – Trickery
Have you ever been betrayed by a friend before? Well, there is an online version to do this. Trickery is the act of gaining a victim’s trust so that they disclose secrets or embarrassing information, which the cyberbully posts on the internet for everyone to see.
The person pretends to be a close friend and gives the victim a false sense of security before breaking their trust.
11 – Cyberstalking
Cyberstalking is a particularly serious form of cyberbullying that can extend to threats of physical harm to the victim. It can include monitoring, false accusations, threats, and is often accompanied by offline stalking. It is a criminal offence and can result in restraining order, probation, and even jail time for the perpetrator.
Here’s an example of online harassment., A few days ago, a guy texted Jane. She replied and then they talked normally. The next day, he texted her good morning, which wasn’t unusual. Jane ignored it because she’s busy. The guy started sending her texts at length, which she found overwhelming. She chose to ignore his messages and rarely replied to him enthusiastically.
When the water went past her tolerance level, she blocked him.
The next day, she got a text from him again, asking her why she blocked him. She answered, declared the reason explicitly.
A few texts later, blocked him again since he would get impatient when she couldn’t reply.
A few days later, he made an account using a fake name and texted her again. But Jane recognized him since he was again asking why she blocked him. The guy kept on making new accounts and texting her. Maybe ten times in a few days.
That is the best example of harassment. When the other person didn’t want to talk anymore, but the other person still kept on insisting on talking.
Harassment is a comprehensive category under which many types of cyberbullying fall into. Still, it generally refers to a sustained and constant pattern of hurtful or threatening online messages sent to do harm to someone.
Cyberbullying is a problem that’s not easy to solve. But awareness and knowledge are the first steps to help keep you safe online.